What is Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia Areata is a very common autoimmune disease in which a person suffers unpredictable hair loss. In most instances, hair falls in small quarter patches, and mostly a person experiences some hair loss patches. However, in some extreme cases, a person may undergo severe hair fall.
Almost 6 million people are affected by Alopecia Areata in the United States, and the disease has even caused total hair loss on the scalp and on the entire body of the affected people. The disorder usually occurs before the age of 30, but there are no strict conditions, and anyone can be susceptible to the hair loss condition.
People who suffer from Alopecia Areata have a high chance that a family member of theirs experiences the condition too. It does not take much time and can develop in a few days and start causing hair fall. Even though there is no total cure for Alopecia Areata, there are some treatments that can help hair grow back.
In the following blog, we will talk about the causes and symptoms of Alopecia Areata and know how hair transplant is effective for the condition.
Causes of Alopecia Areata
When the white blood cells attack the hair follicle cells, they shrink, and the hair production slows down considerably. There is no precise cause as to why the immune system attacks the hair follicles, but, in most cases, genetics plays a part, and family members of an affected person are more likely to suffer from the hair loss condition.
A person with this condition may have other family members suffering from similar autoimmune diseases like atopy. Many people believe stress to be the reason behind Alopecia Areata, but there is not much evidence to prove it. Extreme stress may be a factor towards the disorder, but mainly it happens due to genetic reasons.
Scalp and beard are the common sites, but hair loss may be from any part of the skin. The disease can cause severe stress in affected people and lead to further psychological problems.
Symptoms of Alopecia Areata
The disorder commonly happens to adolescents and teens, and both males and females are prone to it. Hair loss takes place over a short time duration, but, in some cases, a person may undergo extreme hair fall in one day. It starts with oval and round bald patches, which may be painful and itchy.
The skin after hair fall does not have any scars, and the hair strands near the patch are thin. These strands can be easily plucked, and mostly the hair that grows out again is white. People may stop going out and develop a social phobia. Apart from hair loss, the condition can even lead to serious psychological problems in a person that make the situation complex.
Treatment of Alopecia Areata
There is no complete cure for Alopecia Areata, but doctors suggest multiple treatment methods. Commonly, corticosteroids are used orally or through injections to fight the condition. Many other medications help in the growth of hair and stop the formation of patches.
Photochemotherapy is also a way to combat the condition for people who refrain from other therapies. The use of sunscreen to protect skin and hats to protect the head from sun rays can also prevent the condition. Recently, people have opted for hair transplantation for a solution against Alopecia Areata.
Hair Transplant for treating Alopecia Areata
Hair Transplant is a great solution for people who have permanently lost their hair follicles because of the alopecia disorder. The round patches of hair loss can be treated through a hair transplant. Hair strands that are not falling are taken, and transplantation takes place in areas where the hair fall occurs. The hair fall reduces greatly after a hair transplant.
Different techniques are being developed recently for the hair transplant process. Direct Hair Implant (DHI) is used to get a natural look by giving desired angles to the hair strands. This technique helps in replacing all the hair lost due to the disease with natural-looking hair. You should choose the right surgeon who specializes in hair transplantation. The right surgeon will pay proper attention to the process, and your hair will grow out looking better than ever before.
With a successful hair transplant, almost 30% of the hair density will return back to a bald area, and a person will need two surgeries to get a thicker, dense look. When hair is lost due to Alopecia Areata, a hair transplant may work normally, but the disease can reoccur and cause hair fall again. In some cases, though, the results last longer, and the patient can enjoy the newly-grown hair.
More and more people are suffering hair loss due to the autoimmune Alopecia Areata. Even though there is no concrete cure, people suffering undergo various treatments to fight the diseases. Hair Transplant is one of the best ways to regain lost hair due to the condition.
A good surgeon will help affected people regrow their hair through the process. Alopecia Areata can cause social phobia and other psychological conditions, so hair transplant is a great way to get new, natural-looking hair.
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